This guide walks through the steps to ingest data from Stripe into Materialize using the Webhook source.

Before you begin

Ensure that you have a Stripe account.

Step 1. (Optional) Create a cluster

NOTE: If you are prototyping and already have a cluster to host your webhook source (e.g. quickstart), you can skip this step. For production scenarios, we recommend separating your workloads into multiple clusters for resource isolation.

To create a cluster in Materialize, use the CREATE CLUSTER command:

CREATE CLUSTER webhooks_cluster (SIZE = '25cc');

SET CLUSTER = webhooks_cluster;

Step 2. Create a secret

To validate requests between Stripe and Materialize, you must create a secret:

CREATE SECRET stripe_webhook_secret AS '<secret_value>';

Change the <secret_value> to a unique value that only you know and store it in a secure location.

Step 3. Set up a webhook source

Using the secret from the previous step, create a webhook source in Materialize to ingest data from Stripe. By default, the source will be created in the active cluster; to use a different cluster, use the IN CLUSTER clause.

CREATE SOURCE stripe_source IN CLUSTER webhooks_cluster
    CHECK (
        WITH (BODY, HEADERS, SECRET stripe_webhook_secret AS validation_secret)
            -- The constant_time_eq validation function **does not support** fully
            -- qualified secret names. We recommend always aliasing the secret name
            -- for ease of use.
                -- Sign the timestamp and body.
                        -- Extract the `t` component from the `Stripe-Signature` header.
                        regexp_split_to_array(headers->'stripe-signature', ',|=')[
                            array_position(regexp_split_to_array(headers->'stripe-signature', ',|='), 't')
                            + 1
                        || '.' ||
                ), 'hex'),
                -- Extract the `v1` component from the `Stripe-Signature` header.
                regexp_split_to_array(headers->'stripe-signature', ',|=')[
                    array_position(regexp_split_to_array(headers->'stripe-signature', ',|='), 'v1')
                    + 1

After a successful run, the command returns a NOTICE message containing the unique webhook URL that allows you to POST events to the source. Copy and store it. You will need it for the next step.

The URL will have the following format:


If you missed the notice, you can find the URLs for all webhook sources in the mz_internal.mz_webhook_sources system table.

Access and authentication

WARNING! Without a CHECK statement, all requests will be accepted. To prevent bad actors from injecting data into your source, it is strongly encouraged that you define a CHECK statement with your webhook sources.

The CHECK clause defines how to validate each request. For details on the Stripe signing scheme, check out the Stripe documentation.

Step 4. Create a webhook endpoint in Stripe

  1. In Stripe, go to Developers > Webhooks.

  2. Click Add endpoint.

  3. Enter the webhook URL from the previous step in the Endpoint URL field.

  4. Configure the events you’d like to receive.

  5. Create the endpoint.

  6. Copy the signing secret and save it for the next step.

Step 5. Validate incoming data

  1. In the Materialize console, navigate to the SQL Shell.

  2. Use SQL queries to inspect and analyze the incoming data:

    SELECT * FROM stripe_source LIMIT 10;

    You may need to wait for webhook-generating events in Stripe to occur.

Step 6. Transform incoming data

JSON parsing

Webhook data is ingested as a JSON blob. We recommend creating a parsing view on top of your webhook source that uses jsonb operators to map the individual fields to columns with the required data types.

    body->>'api_version' AS api_version,
    to_timestamp((body->'created')::int) AS created,
    body->'data' AS data,
    body->'id' AS id,
    (body->'livemode')::boolean AS livemode,
    body->'object' AS object,
    body->>'pending_webhooks' AS pending_webhooks,
    body->'request'->'idempotency_key' AS idempotency_key,
    body->>'type' AS type
FROM stripe_source;
Manually parsing JSON-formatted data in SQL can be tedious. 🫠 You can use the widget below to automatically turn a sample JSON payload into a parsing view with the individual fields mapped to columns.

Target object type

Timestamp handling

We highly recommend using the try_parse_monotonic_iso8601_timestamp function when casting from text to timestamp, which enables temporal filter pushdown.


With the vast amount of data processed and potential network issues, it’s not uncommon to receive duplicate records. You can use the DISTINCT ON clause to efficiently remove duplicates. For more details, refer to the webhook source reference documentation.

Next steps

With Materialize ingesting your Stripe data, you can start exploring it, computing real-time results that stay up-to-date as new data arrives, and serving results efficiently. For more details, check out the Stripe documentation and the webhook source reference documentation.

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