SnowcatCloud provides cloud-hosted and managed infrastructure to collect, enrich, and route event data using Snowplow and Analytics.js compatible pipelines. SnowcatCloud is SOC 2 Type 2 certified and has infrastructure in NA, EU, and AP.

This guide will walk you through the steps to ingest data from SnowcatCloud to Materialize.

Before you begin

Ensure that you have:

Step 1. (Optional) Create a Materialize cluster

If you already have a cluster for your webhook sources, you can skip this step.

To create a Materialize cluster, follow the steps outlined in Materialize create a cluster guide, or create a managed cluster using the following SQL statement:

CREATE CLUSTER snowcatcloud_cluster SIZE = '3xsmall';

Step 2. Create a Shared Secret

To ensure data authenticity between SnowcatCloud and Materialize, establish a shared secret:

CREATE SECRET snowcatcloud_shared_secret AS '<secret_value>';

This shared secret allows Materialize to authenticate each incoming request, ensuring the data’s integrity.

Change the <secret_value> to a unique value that only you know and store it in a secure location.

Step 3. Set Up a Webhook Source

Using the secret from the previous step, create a webhook source in Materialize to ingest data from SnowcatCloud:

CREATE SOURCE snowcatcloud_source IN CLUSTER snowcatcloud_cluster
    CHECK (
      WITH (
        BODY AS body,
        SECRET snowcatcloud_shared_secret
      constant_time_eq(headers->'authorization', snowcatcloud_shared_secret)

The above webhook source uses basic authentication. This enables a simple and rudimentary way to grant authorization to your webhook source.

After a successful run, the command returns a NOTICE message containing the webhook URL. Copy and store it. You will need it for the next steps. Otherwise, you can query it here: mz_internal.mz_webhook_sources.

Step 4. Add a Materialize Destination in SnowcatCloud

To configure a Materialize webhook as a destination in SnowcatCloud, follow the steps outlined below:

  1. Select Your SnowcatCloud Pipe: Identify the pipeline you wish to add Materialize to as a destination.

  2. Select Materialize as a Destination:

    1. Navigate to the destinations section.
    2. Click Configure on the Materialize destination.

Configuring Connection Settings

On the Materialize Settings page:

  • Webhook URL: Define the endpoint where events will be dispatched by SnowcatCloud. Use the URL from Step 3, which should have the following structure.

  • Shared Secret: Add the shared secret (the same value used in Step 2).

  • Click Save & Test: If the webhook is configured successfully, you will see a success message and the destination will start PROVISIONING; once it is ACTIVE, all your data will be streaming to Materialize’s webhook.

Step 5. Inspect Incoming Data

With the source set up in Materialize, you can now monitor the incoming data from SnowcatCloud:

  1. Login to the Materialize console.

  2. Go to the SQL Shell.

  3. Select a cluster.

  4. Use SQL queries to inspect and analyze the incoming data:

    SELECT * FROM snowcatcloud_source LIMIT 10;

This will show you the last ten records ingested from SnowcatCloud. Note that while the destination is PROVISIONING, you will only see the test event.

Step 6. Parse Incoming Data

The query below parses the incoming data, transforming the nested JSON structure into discernible columns on a materialized view. Refer to SnowcatCloud’s documentation on which columns are available for your pipeline (enrichments).

    body ->> 'app_id' AS app_id,
    body ->> 'platform' AS platform,
    (body ->> 'etl_tstamp')::timestamp AS etl_tstamp,
    (body ->> 'collector_tstamp')::timestamp AS collector_tstamp,
    (body ->> 'dvce_created_tstamp')::timestamp AS dvce_created_tstamp,
    body ->> 'event' AS event,
    body ->> 'event_id' AS event_id,
    body ->> 'txn_id' AS txn_id,
    body ->> 'name_tracker' AS name_tracker,
    body ->> 'v_tracker' AS v_tracker,
    body ->> 'v_collector' AS v_collector,
    body ->> 'v_etl' AS v_etl,
    body ->> 'user_id' AS user_id,
    body ->> 'user_ipaddress' AS user_ipaddress,
    body ->> 'user_fingerprint' AS user_fingerprint,
    body ->> 'domain_userid' AS domain_userid,
    body ->> 'domain_sessionidx' AS domain_sessionidx,
    body ->> 'network_userid' AS network_userid,
    (body -> 'contexts_com_dbip_location_1' -> 0 -> 'country' -> 'names' ->> 'en')::text AS geo_country,
    (body -> 'contexts_com_dbip_location_1' -> 0 -> 'subdivisions' -> 0 -> 'names' ->> 'en')::text AS geo_region,
    (body -> 'contexts_com_dbip_location_1' -> 0 -> 'city' -> 'names' ->> 'en')::text AS geo_city,
    (body -> 'contexts_com_dbip_location_1' -> 0 -> 'postal' ->> 'code')::text AS geo_zipcode,
    (body -> 'contexts_com_dbip_location_1' -> 0 -> 'location' ->> 'latitude')::numeric AS geo_latitude,
    (body -> 'contexts_com_dbip_location_1' -> 0 -> 'location' ->> 'longitude')::numeric AS geo_longitude,
    (body -> 'contexts_com_dbip_isp_1' -> 0 -> 'traits' ->> 'organization')::text AS ip_organization,
    (body -> 'contexts_com_dbip_isp_1' -> 0 -> 'traits' ->> 'isp')::text AS ip_isp,
    (body -> 'contexts_com_dbip_isp_1' -> 0 -> 'traits' ->> 'asn')::text AS ip_asn,
    (body -> 'contexts_com_dbip_isp_1' -> 0 -> 'traits' ->> 'connection_type')::text AS ip_connection_type,
    (body -> 'contexts_com_dbip_isp_1' -> 0 -> 'traits' ->> 'user_type')::text AS ip_user_type,
    body ->> 'page_url' AS page_url,
    body ->> 'page_title' AS page_title,
    body ->> 'page_referrer' AS page_referrer,
    body ->> 'page_urlscheme' AS page_urlscheme,
    body ->> 'page_urlhost' AS page_urlhost,
    body ->> 'page_urlport' AS page_urlport,
    body ->> 'page_urlpath' AS page_urlpath,
    body ->> 'page_urlquery' AS page_urlquery,
    body ->> 'page_urlfragment' AS page_urlfragment,
    body ->> 'refr_urlscheme' AS refr_urlscheme,
    body ->> 'refr_urlhost' AS refr_urlhost,
    body ->> 'refr_urlport' AS refr_urlport,
    body ->> 'refr_urlpath' AS refr_urlpath,
    body ->> 'refr_urlquery' AS refr_urlquery,
    body ->> 'refr_urlfragment' AS refr_urlfragment,
    body ->> 'refr_medium' AS refr_medium,
    body ->> 'refr_source' AS refr_source,
    body ->> 'refr_term' AS refr_term,
    body ->> 'mkt_medium' AS mkt_medium,
    body ->> 'mkt_source' AS mkt_source,
    body ->> 'mkt_term' AS mkt_term,
    body ->> 'mkt_content' AS mkt_content,
    body ->> 'mkt_campaign' AS mkt_campaign,
    body ->> 'se_category' AS se_category,
    body ->> 'se_action' AS se_action,
    body ->> 'se_label' AS se_label,
    body ->> 'se_property' AS se_property,
    (body ->> 'se_value')::numeric AS se_value,
    body ->> 'unstruct_event' AS unstruct_event,
    body ->> 'tr_orderid' AS tr_orderid,
    body ->> 'tr_affiliation' AS tr_affiliation,
    (body ->> 'tr_total')::numeric AS tr_total,
    (body ->> 'tr_tax')::numeric AS tr_tax,
    (body ->> 'tr_shipping')::numeric AS tr_shipping,
    body ->> 'tr_city' AS tr_city,
    body ->> 'tr_state' AS tr_state,
    body ->> 'tr_country' AS tr_country,
    body ->> 'ti_orderid' AS ti_orderid,
    body ->> 'ti_sku' AS ti_sku,
    body ->> 'ti_name' AS ti_name,
    body ->> 'ti_category' AS ti_category,
    (body ->> 'ti_price')::numeric AS ti_price,
    body ->> 'ti_quantity' AS ti_quantity,
    body ->> 'pp_xoffset_min' AS pp_xoffset_min,
    body ->> 'pp_xoffset_max' AS pp_xoffset_max,
    body ->> 'pp_yoffset_min' AS pp_yoffset_min,
    body ->> 'pp_yoffset_max' AS pp_yoffset_max,
    body ->> 'useragent' AS useragent,
    (body -> 'contexts_nl_basjes_yauaa_context_1' -> 0 ->> 'agentNameVersion')::text AS br_name,
    (body -> 'contexts_nl_basjes_yauaa_context_1' -> 0 ->> 'agentName')::text AS br_family,
    (body -> 'contexts_nl_basjes_yauaa_context_1' -> 0 ->> 'agentVersion')::text AS br_version,
    (body -> 'contexts_nl_basjes_yauaa_context_1' -> 0 ->> 'layoutEngineClass')::text AS br_type,
    body ->> 'br_lang' AS br_lang,
    body ->> 'br_features_pdf' AS br_features_pdf,
    body ->> 'br_features_flash' AS br_features_flash,
    body ->> 'br_features_java' AS br_features_java,
    body ->> 'br_features_director' AS br_features_director,
    body ->> 'br_features_quicktime' AS br_features_quicktime,
    body ->> 'br_features_realplayer' AS br_features_realplayer,
    body ->> 'br_features_windowsmedia' AS br_features_windowsmedia,
    body ->> 'br_features_gears' AS br_features_gears,
    body ->> 'br_features_silverlight' AS br_features_silverlight,
    body ->> 'br_cookies' AS br_cookies,
    body ->> 'br_colordepth' AS br_colordepth,
    body ->> 'br_viewwidth' AS br_viewwidth,
    body ->> 'br_viewheight' AS br_viewheight,
    (body -> 'contexts_nl_basjes_yauaa_context_1' -> 0 ->> 'operatingSystemName')::text AS os_name,
    (body -> 'contexts_nl_basjes_yauaa_context_1' -> 0 ->> 'operatingSystemClass')::text AS os_family,
    (body -> 'contexts_nl_basjes_yauaa_context_1' -> 0 ->> 'deviceBrand')::text AS os_manufacturer,
    body ->> 'os_timezone' AS os_timezone,
    (body -> 'contexts_nl_basjes_yauaa_context_1' -> 0 ->> 'deviceClass')::text AS dvce_type,
    (body ->> 'dvce_screenwidth')::numeric AS dvce_screenwidth,
    (body ->> 'dvce_screenheight')::numeric AS dvce_screenheight,
    body ->> 'doc_charset' AS doc_charset,
    (body ->> 'doc_width')::numeric AS doc_width,
    (body ->> 'doc_height')::numeric AS doc_height,
    body ->> 'tr_currency' AS tr_currency,
    (body ->> 'tr_total_base')::numeric AS tr_total_base,
    (body ->> 'tr_tax_base')::numeric AS tr_tax_base,
    (body ->> 'tr_shipping_base')::numeric AS tr_shipping_base,
    body ->> 'ti_currency' AS ti_currency,
    (body ->> 'ti_price_base')::numeric AS ti_price_base,
    body ->> 'base_currency' AS base_currency,
    body ->> 'geo_timezone' AS geo_timezone,
    body ->> 'mkt_clickid' AS mkt_clickid,
    body ->> 'mkt_network' AS mkt_network,
    body ->> 'etl_tags' AS etl_tags,
    (body ->> 'dvce_sent_tstamp')::timestamp AS dvce_sent_tstamp,
    body ->> 'refr_domain_userid' AS refr_domain_userid,
    (body ->> 'refr_dvce_tstamp')::timestamp AS refr_dvce_tstamp,
    body ->> 'domain_sessionid' AS domain_sessionid,
    (body ->> 'derived_tstamp')::timestamp AS derived_tstamp,
    body ->> 'event_vendor' AS event_vendor,
    body ->> 'event_name' AS event_name,
    body ->> 'event_format' AS event_format,
    body ->> 'event_version' AS event_version,
    body ->> 'event_fingerprint' AS event_fingerprint

Furthermore, with the vast amount of data processed and potential network issues, it’s not uncommon to receive duplicate records. You can use the DISTINCT ON clause to remove duplicates. For more details, refer to the webhook source documentation.

By following the steps outlined above, you will have successfully set up a seamless integration between SnowcatCloud and Materialize, allowing for real-time data ingestion using webhooks.

Back to top ↑